Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
The distribution of the clinical laboratories in different health institutions will differ from different places. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
Microbiology will receive almost any kind of clinical specimen like feces, blood, swabs, sputum, snynovial fluid, possible infected tissues, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
The types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.